The Port of Rotterdam is the world’s busiest and largest seaport in Europe until the early 21st century. It is situated in the city of Rotterdam; the Netherlands encompasses an area of 105km. This highly innovative port holds the biggest harbor in Europe and provides access to hybrid ships, with possible drafts of 24meters.
- Acts as an external EU border
- Expanded over recent decades
- Advance, forward-thinking management
The Port of Antwerp is the biggest seaport in Europe after Rotterdam. Port of Antwerp (Belgium) is the fastest-growing harbor in North-Western Europe which occupies an area of 13,000 hectares. This port employs 10,000+ people. It is at one of the best locations in the center of Europe, an ecological advantage that gives it particularly fast and cheap access to the other ports. This port has outstanding storage, loading, and distribution facilities.
- Port of Antwerp is the furthest inland
- Always growing and evolving
- In 2012, it handled 14,220 vessels, 57,044 inland barges
- in 2016, it handled 10 million twenty-foot equivalent cargo containers
Founded in 1189, the Port of Hamburg is famous to handle 12 million twenty-foot equivalent containers every year. Located in Germany, encompasses an area of 73.99 km2. It has sophisticated and excellent warehousing and terminal infrastructure. It is specialized in handling containers, heavy and general cargos and other shipping goods. This port has over 2000 weekly train connections.
- Equipped with integrated railway terminals
- A universal port, inland locations
- Own high-tech state-of-the-art logistical facilities
Located in Germany, Port of Bremen-Bremerhaven is the sixteenth largest port in the world. It handled 4.9 million TEU in 2007 and 5.5 million TEU in 2015 and handles around 2.75m transshipments annually. Port of Bremen-Bremerhaven is an expert in breakbulk and high-value goods and machinery specialization. Its location is accessible to various countries, that’s why the city has become one of the largest tourist and commercial hubs.
- World’s busiest car transporting port
- 87 million TEU
Situated in the Andalusian province of Cadiz, the Port of Algeciras largest port in Spain and the 7th busiest container port in Europe. It is a commercial, passenger, and fishing port covering an area of 68 hectares and has 10 km of quays in different basins. It services the North-South and East-West maritime routes without diversion.
- Fastest-growing ports
- Port of Algeciras is known for its high productivity
- Exceeds 70 million tons in total traffic handling more than 2.8 million containers in 2010
- Handled around 5.5. million twenty-foot equivalent containers, in 2016.
Situated in Spain, the Port of Valencia is recognized as the fifth busiest seaport in Europe. One of the largest Mediterranean seaports with a total storage area of 1.2 km2. This port employs more than 15,000 employees providing services to more than 7,500 ships every year. Port of Valencia offers a gateway to Southern Europe and Spain’s major cities by rail and highway.
- In 2010, handled 4.2 million TEU
- In 2019, 5.4 million TEU carrying around 81 million tonnes of cargoes
- Serves a 350-kilometer economic zone responsible for over 50% of the country’s GDP
The Port of Le Havre offers the best transit times between Europe and the rest of the world. It is certified to ISO 28000 Security port hub. This port is the second-largest port in the French city of Le Havre which handled 3 million TEUs in 2018.
- Hosts three terminals: Europe, the Americas, and the Atlantic
- Offer 24/7 access for larger ships
Port of Trieste provides a way to both sea and land routes. It is a port in the Adriatic Sea in Italy which is subdivided into five different areas. This port is equipped with a railway network that connects it to the national and international network routes. In 2017, it handled 1 million TEU cargo containers.
- Offer vehicle tax exemption for international vehicles
- Customers can benefit from special conditions for both import, export, and transit operations
Largest port in Krasnodar Krai and the Black Sea basin. It is located on the Northeast coast of the Black Sea, in Tsemes Bay. Established as a fortress in 1838, Novorossiysk Sea Port developed as a seaport, particularly after the coming of the railway in 1888.
- Europe’s third-largest port operator in terms of cargo turnover totaled 142,5 million tons in 2019
- Outstanding cargo handling
Primorsk Port is situated in Björkösund’s mainland of the Gulf of Finland in the Baltic Sea. Primorsk Port ensures shipping running smoothly and safely. Port’s land area covering of 2,5km², its water area is 32,3km². It is the largest Russian oil-loading port in the Baltic Sea.
- One of Russia’s main oil export ports
- 24 hours a day available open for navigation
- The very small port in Russia
A major seaport serving the city of St. Petersburg in northwest Russia. It covers a water area of 164.6 km2 (630,000 square meters). Operated by Port Authority of the Great Port of St. Petersburg, since 2011. It operates ore, chemical cargoes, scrap metal, oil products, metals, forest products, containers, etc. 7.5 million tons is the cargo turnover in January–February 2016.
The Great Port of St. Petersburg includes:
- Bronka deepwater port
- Vasileostrovskcargo port
- Berths in Kronstadt
- Berths in Lomonosov
Began dock development in the late 1700s, Port of Grimsby owns a sophisticated warehousing and terminal infrastructure located on the south bank of the Humber Estuary at Grimsby in North East Lincolnshire. They have outstanding productivity. Since it was founded, continues to handle a broad range of other cargoes.
Managed by Bergen Port Authority, Bergen Port is an international seaport situated in the center of Bergen, Norway. Bergen is Norway’s second-largest port. The port served 27,342 calls with 68 million tonnes of cargo in 2006, and 109,000 containers as well as 600,000 cruise ship passengers in the same year.
- Promote sea transport and develop the port facilities
- Dedicated to the development of sustainable solutions for a more eco-friendly port
- Employs 52 people, and its offices are situated in Hurtigruten Terminal in Bergen.
Port of Gothenburg is owned and managed by the municipality of Sweden. It is one of the biggest ports in the Nordic countries. It is the gateway to the world for a large proportion of Swedish industry. This port owns a container, passenger, ro-ro, car, and oil and energy terminals.
- Have frequent departures to major transshipment hubs on the continent as well as daily intra-European sea traffic
- Exports vehicles and forest products
- Imports consumer goods such as food and electronics, clothes, etc
Milford Haven Waterway is the largest estuary in Wales. It is also known for being one of the deepest natural harbors in the world. They operate 24/7 and provides a range of marine services as well as owning and operating Pembroke Port. Their activities including fish landing, marina services, and cruise calls, cargo handling, ferry operations.
- Independent, commercially-run organization
- Safely and efficiently handled operations
- 10% of jobs are in sea transport services
Founded in 1895, the Port of Zeebrugge is responsible for the nautical, technical, and commercial aspects of port management. It employs more than 11,000 people and manages over 10,000 ship moorings annually. This port offers several main assets including a favorable geographical position, good road and rail connections to all countries of Continental Europe, good nautical accessibility with deep water, etc.
- Developed in a sustainable way
- The port creates over 28,000 jobsAdvanced port equipment which exceeds all the expectations of modern shipping and handling techniques;
- The large potential of skilled labor creates high productivity.
The Port of Constantza is located at Constanta Romania that covers an area of 3,926 ha (9,700 acres), of which 1,313 ha (3,240 acres) island and the rest, 2,613 ha (6,460 acres) is water. It is one of the main distribution centers for Central and Eastern Europe, providing many advantages. Port of Constantza has good connections with all modes of transport: river, airway, pipelines, railway, and road.
- Multi-purpose port with modern facilities
- Sufficient water depths in the port basins to accommodate the largest vessels passing through the Suez Canal;
- Sophisticated facilities for passenger’s vessels;
- Customs facilitation for commercial operations
Since 1982, The Port of Southampton is operated by Associated British Ports. It is one of the busiest cruise terminals and the second-largest container port in the UK. It has outstanding rail and road links to the rest of Britain. Excellent vehicle handling port in the UK which handles 900,000 vehicles per year.
- Europe’s leading turnaround cruise port
- Country’s busiest and most successful deep-water ports
- Handle virtually any type of cargo
- Values: safety, security and safeguarding the environment
Port of Dover is an award-winning cruise port, a vital international gateway for the movement of people and trade. Europe’s busiest ferry port and world’s busiest maritime passenger ports with 2.2 million cars and motorcycles, 2.6 million lorries, 11.7 million passengers, and 80,000 coaches passing through it in 2017. This port has an annual turnover of £58.5 million a year.
- Own a modern port facility features a large artificial harbor
- Possesses several listed buildings and structure
- Owned and operated by the Dover Harbour Board
A limited company owned by the City of Helsinki Finland is the main port for foreign trade of Port of Helsinki. This port serves the business world and well-being of the Helsinki region. The Port has a great advantage on the functionality of the Finnish foreign trade logistics and security of supply. The harbors managed by the Port of Helsinki are:
- Helsinki’s coal quays
- Kantvik Harbour
- Port of Loviisa
- Vuosaari Harbour
- Hernesaari cruise ship quays
- West Harbour
- Katajanokka Harbour
- South Harbour
The Port of Calais was the first cable ship port in Europe. The Port of Calais stands as the fourth largest port in France and the largest for passenger traffic. It is designed to anticipate and adapt to forecast traffic growth. It supports the logistic and industrial needs in their place. This port handles breakbulk cruise passengers, unaccompanied Ro-Ro cargo, and dry bulk.
- Continuously deliver benefits for all concerned
- The port ensures the right individuals and expertise are in the right places
- Busiest ferry crossing between France and England
Famous for being the biggest Italian seaport and one of the largest seaports in the Mediterranean Sea basin. Port of Naples recorded an annual traffic capacity of around 25 million tons of cargo and 500,000 TEU’s. This port employs more than 4,800 people and offers beneficial services to more than 64,000 ships every year.
- Handles mostly dry and liquid bulk, Ro-Ro, and containers
- One of the oldest ports of the entire Mediterranean Sea
- The tourist area covers 19,214 square meters
Port of Reggio connects Reggio and its surroundings to Taormina, Malta, Messina, Catania, and the Aeolian Islands. Port of Reggio has advanced and innovative terminals for handling and storing a vast range of commodities and cargoes. It handled fishing vessels and leisure craft, passenger and vehicle Ro-Ro services.
- The port handles in the region of 10 million passengers a year
- Offers easy on-carriage connections by sea, road, rail and inland waterways.
- Connect Sicily to Calabria
Port of Split ranks as the largest passenger port in Croatia as of 2017. They have an annual passenger volume of approximately 5 million. It is handled by the Port of Split Authority (PSA). The port has an efficient warehouse storage space of 30,000 m2 and open stocking grounds of 150.000 m2.
- Port of Split has a total operating area of 198.072 m2
- Operational quay with 5 berths and RO-RO ramp
- The total length of quay – 871 m, Maximum draft – 10.40 m, and 3 quayside and 3 inland tracks
Located in Durrës, Albania. As of 2014, Port of Durrës stands as the largest passenger port in Albania. It is recognized as one of the largest passenger ports in the Adriatic Sea, with an annual passenger volume of approximately 1.5 million. It is founded and following the approval of Law Nr. 9281 dated 23.09.2004.
- World-class university in the vicinity
- Providing its main port services online
- Aim to provide economic vitality through a balanced approach to the tourism industry, maritime, water and land recreation, etc
Port of VLORE is also known as (VLORA). Whether you are a shipper/carrier looking to transport, store or transship cargo, Port of Vlorë got you covered. They are the third most populous city of the Republic of Albania.
- Committed to increasing port efficiency
- Create a ‘cleaner and greener’ port and contribute to a healthier living environment for everyone
- Number one priority of their port is safety
The Port of Ghent is accessible by ships of the Panamax size. It is recognized as the third busiest seaport in Belgium situated in Ghent, Belgium. Port of Ghent has sought a connection to the sea in the 13th century via the Lieve canal to the Zwin near Damme. In the 16th century via the Sassevaart. In the 17th century via the Ghent-Bruges Canal.
- A strong industrial port situated in the logistic heart of the EU
- Port of Ghent is a multi-purpose port with nautical access for Panamax-type vessels of 92,000 DWT
- Leading port in Clean Technology
- Provides well-equipped terminals for handling and storing a vast range of commodities and cargoes
After Duisburg and Paris, the Port of Liège is the third largest inland port. Stretching over a distance of 26 kilometers and comprising 32 port areas. Port of Liège covers 3.7 square kilometers.
- A largest inland port in Belgium
- Recorder 18 million tonnes in 2014
- Currently developing Liege Trilogiport, a 100 hectares multimodal platform along the Albert Canal
Comprises the outlying port of Balchik, Port of Varna is the largest seaport complex in Bulgaria that provides full service like stevedoring, freight forwarding, loading, discharging, storage, and various intermodal services. It managed 65 electric cranes and about 400 other pieces of the ship, landside, and warehouse port facilities. The existing port facilities allow the handling of practically all kinds of solid bulk, break-bulk, containerized, and some liquid-bulk cargoes.
- Port open-air storage area is 454,000 m2 (4,890,000 sq ft)
- Warehouses 76,000 m2 (820,000 sq ft)
- Own a well-forked railway and road network
Founded in 1996 by the Republic of Croatia, the Port of Rijeka is the largest port in Croatia with a cargo throughput of 11.2 million tonnes (2016) and 214,348 Twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs. This port comprises several terminals including Liquid Cargo Terminal, Bršica Terminal, Frigo Terminal, etc.
- Upgraded high-performance, double-track railway
- Commended as one of the top four port authorities of the year globally
- Handling the largest portion of the country’s imports and exports
Operates in 1945, the Port of Ploče is a seaport in Ploče, Croatia which is recognized as the second-largest cargo port in Croatia after the Port of Rijeka. It has a cargo throughput of 4.5 million tonnes and 20,420 twenty-foot equivalent units. Handle by the Port of Ploče Authority, it has recorded 2,555 ship arrivals.
- Recorded a steady growth and development from 1945
- Since 1945, handling imports of coal and cereal and exports of bauxite and timber.
- Serving Bosnia and Herzegovina, along with some local and regional users.
- Port comprises several terminals such as Bulk Cargo Terminal, Grain Cargo Terminal, much more.
Port of Gioia Tauro stands as the ninth-largest container port in Italy. It is located near the northern city of Reggio Calabria, South of Italy. Port of Gioia Tauro provides one of the longest quays. In 2008, Port of Gioia Tauro handled around 3 million twenty-foot equivalent containers.
Situated in Suffolk, Felixstowe (United Kingdom) with 3.77 million TEU is the UK’s busiest port offering 17 worldwide shipping routes. This port is recognized for giving operational excellence and low carbon emission programs. Its deep seas enable access for the largest container vessels.
This port is under the direct management of COSCO shipping. Port of Piraeus handles over 17 million passengers annually. This port covers an area of over 39 sq. km with a further expansion margin of 20 sq. km. The Port of Piraeus turnover stands close to 150 million Euros, in 2020.
Situated in the Northernmost part of the Gulf of La Spezia, Liguria, Italy. This port is known as one of the largest commercial ports in the Ligurian Sea. It specializes in container handling specifically. The port of La Spezia has at least 400,000 square km of space and has 5.1 km (3.2 mi) of quays.
Constructed during the 1950s, the Port of Mersin is the largest harbor in the country situated on the North-Eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea in Mersin, Southern Turkey. The main gateway to the Mediterranean Sea of Turkey is Port of Mesina. The country’s second-largest port, Port of Mersin has excellent administrative buildings, passenger lounges, warehouses, and roads.
Port of London is once the largest port in the world, it is the United Kingdom’s second-largest port. The port of London can handle roll-on roll-off ferries, cruise liners, and cargo of all types at the larger facilities. Nowadays, it comprises over 70 independently owned terminals and port facilities and is supported by over 30,000 employees. Handles containers, timber, paper, coal, etc.
The Port of Gdańsk is situated on the Southern coast of Gdańsk Bay in the city of Gdańsk. Recognized as one of the largest seaports on the Baltic Sea which divided into two parts, the Inner and Exterior Port. This port is expert in cargo handling equipment and port infrastructure, steel and containers, grain, fertilizers, lumber, ore, as well as ro-ro vessel servicing.
The Port of Sines is situated at 37° 57′ north latitude and 08° 52′ west longitude, to 58 nautical miles south of Lisbon. Port of Sines is the 1st biggest artificial port in Portugal. It has a good geophysical characteristic that allows the movement of different types of goods. The port operates 24/7 and providing services such as pilotage, towage and mooring, control of maritime traffic, and many more.
Port of Southampton s a A passenger and cargo port in England. It is the busiest cruise terminal and second-largest container port in the UK which has been operated by Associated British Ports since 1982. It has advanced facilities for the import and export of vehicles.
Major seaport of Italy, the Port of Genoa is the busiest port of Italy by cargo tonnage which has a trading volume of 51.6 million tonnes. It covers an area of 500 hectares of water and about 700 hectares of land. The Port of Genoa has 4 main entrances including the Eastern inlet, Western (Cornigliano) inlet, Multedo entrance, and Pra’ entrance.
The main trade seaport of France, Port of Marseille had overall traffic of 88 million tons in 2011. Port of Marseille is recognized as one of the 15 world’s largest cruise ports and the fifth-largest in the Mediterranean. It has two main sites including Fos-sur-Mer, about 50 km (31 mi) northwest of Marseille, and in northern Marseille from La Joliette to l’Estaque.
Chief sea port of Athens, Greece. In 2014, it was recognized as the busiest passenger port in Europe with about 18.6 million passengers. In 2019, Port of Piraeus handled 5.65 million TEUs. It is expert in container handling.
Port of Messina handles mainly breakbulk and bulk liquids, Ro-Ro passenger ferries operating to the Italian mainland. This port served Messina, Sicily, Italy. It occupies an area of about 50 hectares. Port of Messina is owned and operated by Port Authority of Messina.
Biggest port in Cyprus Limassol City. This port gives a big help in the shipping industry. importation and exportation of this City is handled by his port. In 2000, it handled 589,000 ton. of cargo and recorded 1 million passenger arrival and departures.