Port of Mumbai, also known as Bombay Port Trust is a port on India’s west coast, located on the natural deep-water harbor of Mumbai, in Maharashtra. It is protected to the east and north by the Konkan mainland.
- TEU: 4.47 million
- Main handling services include bulk cargo and general cargo
- Has some docks with a variety of berths and wharves
- Mumbai Port Trust (MbPT) run and operate the port
- Contains 63 mooring spots, 7,800 meters total quay length
- Played a critical part in India’s maritime infrastructure
Deendayal Port, originally Kandla Port, is a seaport and town in Gujarat’s Kutch district. It is one of the largest ports in western India in terms of cargo traffic.
- TEU: 0.282 TEUs mn (2021)
- Plan to build significant cargo handling capacity under private sector participation
- The Deendayal Port Trust is in charge of the operation
- Four berths were added to accommodate ships with larger drafts and tonnage
- Major imports include petroleum and refined goods
- The largest exports include textiles, salt, oil, and grains
- Over 50% of the traffic is Essar Oil
Paradip Port is a natural, deep-water port on India’s east coast, located in the Odisha district of Jagatsinghpur. It’s located at the junction of the Mahanadi and the Bay of Bengal rivers.
- TEU: 1000
- Handled 52.08 million metric tonnes in 2020
- Paradip Port Trust (PPT) administered it
- Facilitates the import-export process along the coast
- Overall capacity of 20 berths and 700 million people workforce
- Established to handle capsize vessels for iron ore and pellet exports
- Manage different types of cargoes like thermal coal, iron ore, and containers
Visakhapatnam Port is the sole significant port in Andhra Pradesh and one of India’s 13 major ports. By the number of goods handled, it is India’s third-largest state-owned port. It is positioned midway between the Chennai and Kolkata Ports.
- TEU: 1.5 million
- House several heavy industries including petroleum and steel plants
- Possess three harbors: inner harbor, outer harbor, and fishing harbor
- Principal commodities include steel products, iron ore, general cargo, coal
- Handles more than 70 percent of Nepal’s foreign commerce (2019)
The largest container port in India is Jawaharlal Nehru Port, popular as Nhava Sheva Port. It is situated in Navi Mumbai’s Raigad district, this Arabian seaport is accessible via Thane Creek.
- TEU: 4.7 million
- Hub for long-haul calls to and from India’s developing market economy
- Handle majority of the country’s containerized trade
- Marine and shipping services are available, container terminal, general cargo as well
- Principal exports include machinery, chemicals, textiles, meat, and pharma products
- Principal imports are machinery, aluminum, plastics, edible oils, and non-ferrous metals
- Handle over 62 million tonnes of cargo per year
Haldia Port is a major seaport and industrial city in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is about 50 kilometers southwest of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), near the mouth of the Hugli River.
- TEU: 8,44,371 (2019-2020)
- Consists of 12 berths, 3 oil jetties, 3 barge jetties, and an anchorage
- Principal imports include chemicals, petroleum, and parts
- Among chief exports are iron ore, coal, and steel
- Strategic location advantage and state-of-the-art port facilities
- Approximately 50.289 million tonnes of cargo handled per year
Chennai Port, historically known as Madras Port, is the largest port in the Bay of Bengal. It is the third-oldest port in India, with official port operations beginning in 1881. It’s an all-weather, artificial harbor with wet docks.
- TEU: 1,530,948 (2021)
- Transitioned from a large travel port to a major container port
- A major contributor to Tamil Nadu’s economic growth
- More than 60 million tonnes of cargo handled in recent years
- A major hub for automobiles, containers, and project cargo on India’s east coast
- Own three docks, 24 berths, and drafts 8.5 m – 16.5 meters
- ISO 14001:2004 and ISPS-certified port
New Mangalore Port, a major commercial port handling a large number of exports, particularly iron ore. It is located in Panambur, stretches from the Arabian Sea to the north of the Phalguni River.
- TEU: 1.5 lakh TEUs (2020-2021)
- Received crude oil for Mangalore refineries
- Karnataka’s only significant port and India’s seventh-largest port
- New Mangalore Port Trust (NMPT) run and governed it
- Import and export most basic commodities
- Common goods include concentrates, pellets, cashew, iron ore fines
- Major imports are crude, LPG, wood pulp, fertilizers, containerized cargo, etc
- Possess dedicated berths for iron ore and bulk cement
The V. O. Chidambaranar Port Trust is a man-made harbor, Tamil Nadu’s second-largest port, and India’s third-largest container terminal. It is South Tamilnadu’s economic engine due to its advantageous geographical position.
- TEU: 7.62 lakh of containers (2020-2021)
- Proximity to the Main Sea Route, and excellent rail-road connectivity advantage
- Secondary hinterland is mostly home to manufacturing centers
- Multimodal Logistics Park is envisaged to facilitate infrastructures
- MMLP will provide value-added services including testing facilities, bonded storage yards
- Maximum draft of 14.20 meters allows bulk carriers up to 95,000 DWT
Mormugao Port is Goa’s main port, located on the west coast of India. It lies 220 nautical miles on Mormuagao Bay’s southern edge, at the entrance of the River Zuari.
- TEU: 0.011m (2021)
- India’s leading iron ore exporting port with a 250-meter-wide waterway
- Accommodate 60,000DWT vessels around 215-meter long
- Facilitates chipping, afloat repairs, and cleaning
- Secondary cargoes include liquid bulk, breakbulk cargo, containers, coke, coal
- Annual turnover reached up to 31 million tonnes
Cochin Port also called Kochi Port, is a major port in Kochi and India’s first transshipment terminal. It’s around 565 kilometers southwest of Chennai’s port and about 930 kilometers south-southeast of Mumbai’s port.
- TEU: 5 million
- Cochin Port Trust (CoPT) govern it
- Part of a network of maritime-related infrastructure in Kochi
- Popular gateway for imports and exports to and from the region
- Connected to the region’s hinterlands and other major Indian cities via road, rail, air, and water
- Own system of inland canals parallel the shoreline enabling easy and affordable transportation
- Entered a new phase of economic prosperity in the twenty-first century
- India’s maritime gateway and fastest-growing logistic center
- All-weather natural port strategically placed near the busiest international sea routes
Port Blair Port is in India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands’ South Andaman region, close to Port Blair city; positioned on the Andaman Sea. It is one of India’s largest ports, where Port Blair Port Trust is managed.
- TEU: 0.4 million (2016)
- India’s 13th largest port and the only major port in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
- Control over 23 additional ports in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
- A vital link between the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea
- India’s newest ports with a depth of 12-13 meters
- Can accommodate ships up to 500 meters in length
- Anchorage depth of the port is 12.5m to 13.7 meter
Mundra Port is India’s largest private port, located near Mundra, on the Kutch Gulf’s northern shores. Adani Ports & SEZ Limited (APSEZ) now manages the port along with hundreds of ports. It is one of India’s most technologically advanced and mechanized ports.
- TEU: 5,650,000 (2020-2021)
- Handled 144.4 million tonnes of cargo today
- India’s most technologically advanced and automated ports
- Vital economic gateway providing multimodal connection to India’s northern hinterland
- Boasts cutting-edge facilities and the country’s largest coal import terminal
- Expert in handling fertilizer, mines and minerals, agri, and steel & project cargoes
- All-weather port with no LOA limits all year
- Capacity berths for post-Panamax and capsize vessels
The Port of Kolkata or Kolkata Port, previously Calcutta, is India’s only riverine major port. It is the country’s oldest operating port in Kolkata, West Bengal.
- TEU: 1.5 million
- Includes two separate dock systems: the Kolkata Docks & Haldia Dock Complex
- Major financial, commercial, and business centers in northeastern India
- Home to India’s second-largest stock exchange (Calcutta Stock Exchange)
- Main Routes are Northern and Eastern India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh
Port of Ennore, presently known as Kamarajar Port is a port in Tamil Nadu, India, about 20 kilometers north of Chennai. Chennai Port Trust, which also operates the Port of Chennai, owns and operates the port.
- TEU: 2.4 million
- India’s 12th most important port
- Most cargoes handled include coal, containers, multi-purpose, and LNG
- Among cargoes handled are LPG, LNG, breakbulk, dry bulk, containers, etc
- Throughput is expected to be 96,000,000 tonnes per year
Port of Hazira or Surat Port is one of India’s major ports and an important part of the Surat Metropolitan Region. It also serves as an important international commerce hub for Europe, Africa, North America, and the Middle East. Hazira Port Private Limited (AHPL) developed the port.
- TEU: 1,000,000
- Home to big industrial and shipping companies
- Handle most cargo of all sizes and types
- Divided into two sections: main port basin and LNG terminal
- Main handling services include dry bulk cargo, containers, bulk liquids, etc
- Annual cargo tonnages reached up to 35 million tonnes
Pipavav is India’s first private port, is a container, bulk, and liquid cargo port on the country’s west coast. It is 90 kilometers south of Amreli and 140 kilometers south of Bhavnagar in Rajula, Gujarat.
- TEU: 1.35 million
- Top services offered include cargo handling, logistics, pilotage/towing
- Bulk, containerized, and liquid cargo are all handled at the port
- Own eight quay cranes for container handling and two mobile harbor cranes
- Bulk cargo handling facilities handled coal, fertilizers, and steel
- Handles weekly cargo from Europe, China, Far East, and US East Coast
- Offers a full range of support services, plenty of storage space in warehouses and open stackyards
The Port of Bedi Bunder is an all-weather lighterage port serving ship-to-shore vessels. Bedi Bunder is located near Jamnagar in northwest India, on the southern shore of the Gulf of Kutch.
- TEU: N/A
- Largely serves nearby city – Jamnagar
- Vessels are anchored 7 nautical miles offshore
- Primary exports include bauxite, salt, oil, guar gum, groundnut seeds
- Main imports are fertilizer, food grains, rock phosphate, coal, and coke
- Annual traffic figures: 126 vessels and 4,438,000 tonnes of cargo are handled
The Port of Magdalla is a lighterage port in western India, about 10 kilometers from Surat, on the southern bank of the Tapi River. Magdalla Port Channel provides access to the port. Gujarat Maritime Board is in charge of its operation.
- TEU: 8,000
- Main handling cargoes include LPG, Ro-Ro cargoes, dry bulk, etc
- Well connected to numerous other towns in the vicinity by road and rail
- 15 nautical miles southwest of the deep-water anchorage
- The approach channel is 16000 meters long and 150 meters wide
The Port of Mandvi is an important seaport and trading station, located nearly a kilometer from the Gulf of Kutch, in Gujarat. It has a 400-year-old shipbuilding industry, continues to produce small vessels. Its geographical coordinates are 22.81°N 69.36°E.
- TEU: 8000+
- Exports account for the majority of its revenue
- Most important enterprises include fishing, bentonite mining, traditional shipbuilding
- The current cargo handling capacity of 300,000 tons
- Sailing vessels and light cargo vessels can load and unload on a 245-meter-long wharf
- Features additional 120-meter-long wharf for processing bentonite and salt
- Available 780 sq. meter of warehouse and open storage space
- Handle all types and sizes of cargo
The Port of Navlakhi is located on the Kathiawar Peninsula, on the Gulf of Kutch. It is a non-major intermediate port with all-weather lighterage. The Gujarat Maritime Board is in charge of it.
- TEU: N/A
- Navigation is only authorized during daylight hours
- Unloads 8,000 to 9,000 MT of coal per day
- Major agricultural trading hub with roof tiles, cotton manufacturer, etc
- Primary cargoes include fluorspar, coal, and pig iron
- Capable of handling 900,000 tons of cargo each year
- 1.6 kilometers of berthing space with depths ranging from 9 to 12.5 meters
- Depths of 10 to 12 meters can be found to the southwest of the Nawinar Lighthouse
Porbandar is located 15 nautical miles northwest of Navibandar on Gujarat’s Saurashtra coast. It has traditionally been an important center for economic activity.
- TEU: N/A
- Handled over 2,000,000t of total cargo annually (2016-2020)
- Designated as an “All-Weather Direct Berthing Port”
- Comprises of a 2,650m long “S” shaped breakwater
- Main imports include fertilizers, scrap, low ash coke
- Main exports include cement, sesame seeds, bauxite, reefer cargo, etc
- Accommodate ships with a tonnage of up to 50000 DWT
The Port of Salaya is in India’s Gujarat state, located in the Jamnagar district. It is naturally protected by the Kalubhar Tapu and Dhani Be islands. Gujarat Maritime Board administered it.
- TEU: N/A
- A dry bulk cargo port in Gujarat
- Draft of 14 meters capacity to receive boats up to 105,000 DWT
- Own world-class marine infrastructure with eco-friendly advanced material handling facilities
- Only all-weather direct berthing port for Post Panamax/Cape Size Vessels
- Jetty can handle dry bulk cargoes at a rate of 20 MMTPA
Veraval is a port in the state of Gujarat in northern India. It is situated on the southwestern shore of the Kathiawar Peninsula, on the Arabian Sea. One of India’s most important fishing ports is located there.
- TEU: N/A
- Houses matches, textile bobbins, and bone fertilizer manufacturers
- Produces timber and agricultural products
- Anchorage is roughly 1.5 kilometers offshore
- Good weather lighterage port
Azhikkal, a riverfront port in Kerala’s Kannur district, is at the confluence of the Valapattanam and Mattel rivers with the Lakshadweep Sea.
- TEU: 1667 – 2500 (container vessel)
- Serves wood-based business, timber, and local fishing trade
- Main exports include coir, textiles, cashews, chemicals, fertilizers, tea, etc
- Connected with Valapattanam River (part of the state waterways system)
- Possess 226-meter wharf with 3-meter draft
- Accommodate coastal traffic by river-sea vessels
- Own mobile harbor crane and a reach stacker
Port of Belekeri is located on the western coast of northern Karnataka, about 120 nautical miles southeast of Bombay. The port is excellent for a variety of weather conditions.
- TEU: N/A
- Open-roadstead port where large amounts of iron ore are shipped
- Shipping operations are halted during the southwest monsoon
- Karnataka’s government intends to improve it through a public-private partnership
- Maximum anchorage size: around 9.2 meters
Beypore Port is one of Kerala’s oldest ports. After Cochin port, Beypore is the state’s second-largest port in terms of annual cargo and passenger traffic. It is situated on India’s southwestern coast.
- TEU: N/A
- Noted for producing massive wooden boats known as “Uru”
- Contains a 300-meter dock with suitable cargo handling equipment
- Handles an average of 1.25 million tons of goods and 10,000 passengers every year
- Main commodities include bauxite, cargo, granite, petroleum products, timber, etc
- Direct trade linkages with the Middle East
- Important commercial and naval center
Bhavnagar Port is a seaport in the Gujarat state of Western India’s Saurashtra region. Since the early 18th century, Bhavnagar has maintained trading ties with Southeast Asia, Arabia, Africa, and the Red Sea ports.
- TEU: 1,400,000
- Consists of warehouses, wharves, and railway transportation
- Lighthouse at this harbor was also damaged in the 2001 earthquake
- All-weather berthing port for smaller vessels
- Jetty can accommodate vessels with a draft of up to 4 meters
- DWA anchorage is recommended for vessels with a draft of up to 12 meters
- Over 50.2 million tons of cargo and 2,200 vessels handled per year
Cuddalore Port, an open roadstead (anchorage) port on the East Coast of Tamil Nadu in the Bay of Bengal. It is located at the confluence of the rivers Uppanar and Paravanar.
- TEU: N/A
- Handled maximum traffic of 0.24 million tonnes (2014-2015)
- Anchorage has a depth of 8-10 meters
- Undergoing infrastructural development to become a deep-water, direct-berthing port
The Port of Dahanu is in Dahanu, Maharashtra, India, about 117 kilometers north of Mumbai. Maharashtra Maritime Board is considering developing this little port.
- TEU: N/A
- Planning to build specialized coal handling facilities
- Anchorage is available at 3.6m depths
Dahej Port is on India’s west coast, is a multi-cargo port that handles coal and natural gas, among other things. It is ideally located on international sea routes and provides quick access to Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh’s dense industrial regions.
- TEU: N/A
- Chosen port for cargo hubs in India’s northern and western states and union territories
- Expert in handling project cargo, fertilizer, Agri, steel, mines, and minerals
- Fully mechanized cargo loading systems and wagon loading systems are in place
- Multi-user waterfront facility support ODC and project cargo mobility
- Annual traffic figures reached up to approx. 8,844,000t of cargo and 350 boats
- Accommodate vessels up to a 25meter draft
The Dhamra Port is in Bhadrak district, Odisha, India, about seven kilometers from the old port of Dhamra. They are one of India’s deep-draft ports, capable of accommodating super-cape-size vessels.
- TEU: 8 lakh
- 25 million tonnes per year initial capacity
- All-weather, multi-user, multi-cargo port
- Provides enhanced hinterland connectivity and operating efficiency
- Easily accommodates the world’s largest bulk carriers
- Features large number of covered and open storage spaces
- Fully mechanized import and export berths are available
- Specialized facilities for handling freight in a clean and contamination-free manner
Gangavaram Port is in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh administered by Gangavaram Port Ltd. It has been designed as an all-weather, multipurpose port with a water depth of up to 21 meters.
- TEU: N/A
- Capable of carrying fully laden Super Cape size boats with up to 200,000 DWT
- Gateway port for a hinterland spanning eight states in India
- Possess deep draft berths and efficient operations
- Common commodities include iron ore, coal, bauxite, raw sugar, limestone
- Handled 20.74 million tonnes of cargo (2014-2015)
- Own most advanced material handling system and facilities
Gopalpur Port, a deep seaport in Gopalpur, Odisha, is situated on the banks of Bengal Bay. Odisha’s marine trade, as well as industry and jobs, will benefit from the port.
- TEU: 3,000
- An important port for handling increasing maritime traffic
- Capable of handling mini cape boats with over 100,000 DWT displacement
- Fantastic rail and road connections to and from Gopalpur
- Possess three jetties or berths
Port of Jakhau, a prominent fishing harbor, and fair weather port lie in the Gulf of Kutch. The Gujarat Maritime Board manages and operates it.
- TEU: N/A
- It has a port for anchoring
- Slightly protected from direct sea waves but remail closed during monsoon season
- Home to the whole Gujarati fishing community as well as a wide range of boats
- Only cargo handled is bulk salt export
- Around 545,000t of cargo and 13 vessels are handled per year
Kakinada Port is located on India’s east coast Kakinada. It is positioned 170 kilometers south of the Visakhapatnam Port. Kakinada Special Economic Zone (KSEZ), Kakinada Anchorage Port, and Deep Water Port make up the port.
- TEU: 200,000 (container)
- Principal cargoes include minerals, coal, fertilizers, and Agri products
- Year-round deep water port with 12meters channel depth
- Handle vessels up to 50,000 DWT
Karwar Port, a lighterage port, is positioned on the border of Karwar Bay, in the Baithkol section of Karwar town. It is one of the world’s best natural harbors because of its strategic location.
- TEU: N/A
- Asphalt/Bitumen Tanker, Military Ops, Law Enforce regularly visit the port
- Sole all-weather natural port in Karnataka
- Primarily serves as a bulk terminal with lighters and cargo berth
- Main imports include lumber, industrial salt, fertilizers, rock phosphate
- Annual cargo traffic is estimated to be at 3,000,000 tonnes
- Maximum vessel size: LOA – 184m, draught – 8m
Krishnapatnam Port, or KPCL, is a major gateway to Southeast Asian countries. This privately owned and operated all-weather port is positioned in Andhra Pradesh’s Nellore district.
- TEU: 20,600 (2018)
- Hyderabad-based CVR Group controlled 92% of port
- A next-generation world-class port on the verge of becoming India’s largest port
- Capable of handling diversified cargo such as agri, coal, steel
- Performs well across the board in terms of cost, timeliness, etc
- Fully equipped with material handling equipment enabling effective cargo handling
- Possess 70 million-tonne installed cargo handling capability
Port of Machilipatnam lies in the Krishna district’s headquarters in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The port has a roadstead with anchorage depths ranging from 8.0 to 11.0 meters.
- TEU: 10,000+
- Excellent rail and road connection
- Projected deep seaport of Machilipatnam
- Department of Ports, Government of Andhra Pradesh is the port authority
Vizhinjam Port, originally Vizhinjam International Deepwater Multipurpose Seaport (U/C is a deep-sea water port in Vizhinjam, Kerala; near a major international shipping lane.
- TEU: 4.10 million TEU/year
- Comprise passenger port and cargo port
- 50% of almost 20,000 ships berth in Thiruvananthapuram yearly
- Cost-effective gateway/trans-shipment terminal
- Around 30 berths; a majority of which could handle Mother Ship
- Possess large-scale automation for speedy vessel turnaround
- Own cutting-edge infrastructure to handle Megamax containerships